Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2010. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. 

Delbeek, J.C., & Julian Sprung, 1994. The Reef Aquarium, Volume 1, Ricordea Publishing, Coconut Grove, Fl

Matthew J. Dring 1982. The Biology of Marine Plants. Edward Arnold Publishers, Bedford Square, London.

Diane S. Littler, Mark M. Littler & Dennis Hanisak 2008. Submersed Plants of The Indian River Lagoon, A Floristic Inventory & Field Guide. Offshore Graphics, Inc
Littler, D.S., M.M. Littler. 2003. South Pacific Reef Plants. OffShore Graphics, Inc. Washington, DC.
Diane S. Littler, Mark M. Littler, Katina E Bucher, and James N. Norris 1989. Marine Plants of The Caribbean, A field guide from Florida to Brazil. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.
Lobban, C.S. & M.J. Wynne ed. 1981. The Biology of Seaweeds. University of California Press. Berkeley, CA.
Hogarth, Peter J. (1999). The Biology of Mangroves Oxford University Press, Oxford.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration / Department of Commerce, NOAA Photo Library, Silver Spring, MD 20910 

Calumpong, H. P. & Menez, E. G., 1997. Field Guide to the Common Mangroves, Sea grasses and Algae of the Philippines. Bookmark, Inc., the Philippines. 197 pp.

Waycott, Michelle (et. al). 2004. A Guide to Tropical Sea grasses of the Indo-West Pacific. 2004. James Cook University. 72 pp.

A special thanks to all who have submitted photographs of their beautiful aquariums and individual specimens of marine plants for use on this website. Chau Ho, John Lowther, Brant Mure & Jaide Swarthout
Copyright 2024 GCE All rights reserved. No part of this online publication may be reproduced in any form by any means without the expressed permission of the author. All images are the property of Gulf Coast Ecosystems unless otherwise noted and should not be reproduced or distributed without permission.

Table of Contents