There are about 60 known species of mangroves world wide, with just three true varieties native to the United States. They are the red mangrove (Rhizophora Mangle),  white mangrove (Laguncularia Racemosa) and black mangrove (Avicennia Germinans). Most mangrove specimens find their way into the aquarium trade by the collection of seeds or pods or by propagation on land. Of the three varieties, only one is really suitable for use in the marine aquarium, the red mangrove. The white mangrove is not a good candidate for use in the aquarium, because it does not form aerial roots as the others do and usually can not survive very long with the roots completely submersed. In their natural environment, black mangroves typically grow upland behind the red, while the white mangrove is often found at even higher elevations. The black mangrove does form breathing tubes, however, propagation in the aquarium can be difficult from seed, unless initially grown above the water line. 

Index of Mangroves

Red Mangrove  Black Mangrove White Mangrove
Index of Mangroves
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